手把手教你用Pytorch代码实现Transformer模型


写在前面

论文题目:Attention Is All You Need
论文链接:https://arxiv.org/pdf/1706.03762.pdf

本文的代码主要参考wmathor的博客,并且针对其代码中的一些错误进行了纠正,同时我对每个模块的代码进行了详细的解释,希望能帮助到大家!

Transformer模型结构图

下图是我花时间整理非常清楚的Transformer模型结构图,建议大家在看代码的时候能结合这个结构图来理解,这样理解起来会比较容易!

用Pytorch实现Transformer的完整代码

说明:当你跑下面的transformer代码的时候,如果出现了报错,请自行检查下python环境,我用的torch版本是1.6.0,大概率是因为你的版本跟我不一样所以会报错。“遇到bug,不是代码问题就是环境问题”,记住这句话,这样可以让你少走很多弯路。

"""
code by Tae Hwan Jung(Jeff Jung) @graykode, Derek Miller @dmmiller612, modify by shwei
Reference: https://github.com/jadore801120/attention-is-all-you-need-pytorch
           https://github.com/JayParks/transformer
"""
# ====================================================================================================
# 数据构建
import math
import torch
import numpy as np
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.optim as optim
import torch.utils.data as Data

device = 'cpu'
# device = 'cuda'

# transformer epochs
epochs = 100
# epochs = 1000

# 这里我没有用什么大型的数据集,而是手动输入了两对德语→英语的句子
# 还有每个字的索引也是我手动硬编码上去的,主要是为了降低代码阅读难度
# S: Symbol that shows starting of decoding input
# E: Symbol that shows starting of decoding output
# P: Symbol that will fill in blank sequence if current batch data size is short than time steps
sentences = [
    # 德语和英语的单词个数不要求相同
    # enc_input                dec_input           dec_output
    ['ich mochte ein bier P', 'S i want a beer .', 'i want a beer . E'],
    ['ich mochte ein cola P', 'S i want a coke .', 'i want a coke . E']
]

# 德语和英语的单词要分开建立词库
# Padding Should be Zero
src_vocab = {'P': 0, 'ich': 1, 'mochte': 2, 'ein': 3, 'bier': 4, 'cola': 5}
src_idx2word = {i: w for i, w in enumerate(src_vocab)}
src_vocab_size = len(src_vocab)

tgt_vocab = {'P': 0, 'i': 1, 'want': 2, 'a': 3, 'beer': 4, 'coke': 5, 'S': 6, 'E': 7, '.': 8}
idx2word = {i: w for i, w in enumerate(tgt_vocab)}
tgt_vocab_size = len(tgt_vocab)

src_len = 5  # (源句子的长度)enc_input max sequence length
tgt_len = 6  # dec_input(=dec_output) max sequence length

# Transformer Parameters
d_model = 512  # Embedding Size(token embedding和position编码的维度)
d_ff = 2048  # FeedForward dimension (两次线性层中的隐藏层 512->2048->512,线性层是用来做特征提取的),当然最后会再接一个projection层
d_k = d_v = 64  # dimension of K(=Q), V(Q和K的维度需要相同,这里为了方便让K=V)
n_layers = 6  # number of Encoder of Decoder Layer(Block的个数)
n_heads = 8  # number of heads in Multi-Head Attention(有几套头)


# ==============================================================================================
# 数据构建


def make_data(sentences):
    """把单词序列转换为数字序列"""
    enc_inputs, dec_inputs, dec_outputs = [], [], []
    for i in range(len(sentences)):
        enc_input = [[src_vocab[n] for n in sentences[i][0].split()]]  # [[1, 2, 3, 4, 0], [1, 2, 3, 5, 0]]
        dec_input = [[tgt_vocab[n] for n in sentences[i][1].split()]]  # [[6, 1, 2, 3, 4, 8], [6, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8]]
        dec_output = [[tgt_vocab[n] for n in sentences[i][2].split()]]  # [[1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 7], [1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 7]]

        enc_inputs.extend(enc_input)
        dec_inputs.extend(dec_input)
        dec_outputs.extend(dec_output)

    return torch.LongTensor(enc_inputs), torch.LongTensor(dec_inputs), torch.LongTensor(dec_outputs)


enc_inputs, dec_inputs, dec_outputs = make_data(sentences)


class MyDataSet(Data.Dataset):
    """自定义DataLoader"""

    def __init__(self, enc_inputs, dec_inputs, dec_outputs):
        super(MyDataSet, self).__init__()
        self.enc_inputs = enc_inputs
        self.dec_inputs = dec_inputs
        self.dec_outputs = dec_outputs

    def __len__(self):
        return self.enc_inputs.shape[0]

    def __getitem__(self, idx):
        return self.enc_inputs[idx], self.dec_inputs[idx], self.dec_outputs[idx]


loader = Data.DataLoader(MyDataSet(enc_inputs, dec_inputs, dec_outputs), 2, True)


# ====================================================================================================
# Transformer模型

class PositionalEncoding(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, d_model, dropout=0.1, max_len=5000):
        super(PositionalEncoding, self).__init__()
        self.dropout = nn.Dropout(p=dropout)

        pe = torch.zeros(max_len, d_model)
        position = torch.arange(0, max_len, dtype=torch.float).unsqueeze(1)
        div_term = torch.exp(torch.arange(0, d_model, 2).float() * (-math.log(10000.0) / d_model))
        pe[:, 0::2] = torch.sin(position * div_term)
        pe[:, 1::2] = torch.cos(position * div_term)
        pe = pe.unsqueeze(0).transpose(0, 1)
        self.register_buffer('pe', pe)

    def forward(self, x):
        """
        x: [seq_len, batch_size, d_model]
        """
        x = x + self.pe[:x.size(0), :]
        return self.dropout(x)


def get_attn_pad_mask(seq_q, seq_k):
    # pad mask的作用:在对value向量加权平均的时候,可以让pad对应的alpha_ij=0,这样注意力就不会考虑到pad向量
    """这里的q,k表示的是两个序列(跟注意力机制的q,k没有关系),例如encoder_inputs (x1,x2,..xm)和encoder_inputs (x1,x2..xm)
    encoder和decoder都可能调用这个函数,所以seq_len视情况而定
    seq_q: [batch_size, seq_len]
    seq_k: [batch_size, seq_len]
    seq_len could be src_len or it could be tgt_len
    seq_len in seq_q and seq_len in seq_k maybe not equal
    """
    batch_size, len_q = seq_q.size()  # 这个seq_q只是用来expand维度的
    batch_size, len_k = seq_k.size()
    # eq(zero) is PAD token
    # 例如:seq_k = [[1,2,3,4,0], [1,2,3,5,0]]
    pad_attn_mask = seq_k.data.eq(0).unsqueeze(1)  # [batch_size, 1, len_k], True is masked
    return pad_attn_mask.expand(batch_size, len_q, len_k)  # [batch_size, len_q, len_k] 构成一个立方体(batch_size个这样的矩阵)


def get_attn_subsequence_mask(seq):
    """建议打印出来看看是什么的输出(一目了然)
    seq: [batch_size, tgt_len]
    """
    attn_shape = [seq.size(0), seq.size(1), seq.size(1)]
    # attn_shape: [batch_size, tgt_len, tgt_len]
    subsequence_mask = np.triu(np.ones(attn_shape), k=1)  # 生成一个上三角矩阵
    subsequence_mask = torch.from_numpy(subsequence_mask).byte()
    return subsequence_mask  # [batch_size, tgt_len, tgt_len]


# ==========================================================================================
class ScaledDotProductAttention(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(ScaledDotProductAttention, self).__init__()

    def forward(self, Q, K, V, attn_mask):
        """
        Q: [batch_size, n_heads, len_q, d_k]
        K: [batch_size, n_heads, len_k, d_k]
        V: [batch_size, n_heads, len_v(=len_k), d_v]
        attn_mask: [batch_size, n_heads, seq_len, seq_len]
        说明:在encoder-decoder的Attention层中len_q(q1,..qt)和len_k(k1,...km)可能不同
        """
        scores = torch.matmul(Q, K.transpose(-1, -2)) / np.sqrt(d_k)  # scores : [batch_size, n_heads, len_q, len_k]
        # mask矩阵填充scores(用-1e9填充scores中与attn_mask中值为1位置相对应的元素)
        scores.masked_fill_(attn_mask, -1e9)  # Fills elements of self tensor with value where mask is True.

        attn = nn.Softmax(dim=-1)(scores)  # 对最后一个维度(v)做softmax
        # scores : [batch_size, n_heads, len_q, len_k] * V: [batch_size, n_heads, len_v(=len_k), d_v]
        context = torch.matmul(attn, V)  # context: [batch_size, n_heads, len_q, d_v]
        # context:[[z1,z2,...],[...]]向量, attn注意力稀疏矩阵(用于可视化的)
        return context, attn


class MultiHeadAttention(nn.Module):
    """这个Attention类可以实现:
    Encoder的Self-Attention
    Decoder的Masked Self-Attention
    Encoder-Decoder的Attention
    """

    def __init__(self):
        super(MultiHeadAttention, self).__init__()
        self.W_Q = nn.Linear(d_model, d_k * n_heads, bias=False)  # q,k必须维度相同,不然无法做点积
        self.W_K = nn.Linear(d_model, d_k * n_heads, bias=False)
        self.W_V = nn.Linear(d_model, d_v * n_heads, bias=False)
        self.fc = nn.Linear(n_heads * d_v, d_model, bias=False)

    def forward(self, input_Q, input_K, input_V, attn_mask):
        """
        input_Q: [batch_size, len_q, d_model]
        input_K: [batch_size, len_k, d_model]
        input_V: [batch_size, len_v(=len_k), d_model]
        attn_mask: [batch_size, seq_len, seq_len]
        """
        residual, batch_size = input_Q, input_Q.size(0)
        # 下面的多头的参数矩阵是放在一起做线性变换的,然后再拆成多个头,这是工程实现的技巧
        # B: batch_size, S:seq_len, D: dim
        # (B, S, D) -proj-> (B, S, D_new) -split-> (B, S, Head, W) -trans-> (B, Head, S, W)
        #           线性变换               拆成多头

        # Q: [batch_size, n_heads, len_q, d_k]
        Q = self.W_Q(input_Q).view(batch_size, -1, n_heads, d_k).transpose(1, 2)
        # K: [batch_size, n_heads, len_k, d_k] # K和V的长度一定相同,维度可以不同
        K = self.W_K(input_K).view(batch_size, -1, n_heads, d_k).transpose(1, 2)
        # V: [batch_size, n_heads, len_v(=len_k), d_v]
        V = self.W_V(input_V).view(batch_size, -1, n_heads, d_v).transpose(1, 2)

        # 因为是多头,所以mask矩阵要扩充成4维的
        # attn_mask: [batch_size, seq_len, seq_len] -> [batch_size, n_heads, seq_len, seq_len]
        attn_mask = attn_mask.unsqueeze(1).repeat(1, n_heads, 1, 1)

        # context: [batch_size, n_heads, len_q, d_v], attn: [batch_size, n_heads, len_q, len_k]
        context, attn = ScaledDotProductAttention()(Q, K, V, attn_mask)
        # 下面将不同头的输出向量拼接在一起
        # context: [batch_size, n_heads, len_q, d_v] -> [batch_size, len_q, n_heads * d_v]
        context = context.transpose(1, 2).reshape(batch_size, -1, n_heads * d_v)
        # 再做一个projection
        output = self.fc(context)  # [batch_size, len_q, d_model]
        return nn.LayerNorm(d_model).to(device)(output + residual), attn


# Pytorch中的Linear只会对最后一维操作,所以正好是我们希望的每个位置用同一个全连接网络
class PoswiseFeedForwardNet(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(PoswiseFeedForwardNet, self).__init__()
        self.fc = nn.Sequential(
            nn.Linear(d_model, d_ff, bias=False),
            nn.ReLU(),
            nn.Linear(d_ff, d_model, bias=False)
        )

    def forward(self, inputs):
        """
        inputs: [batch_size, seq_len, d_model]
        """
        residual = inputs
        output = self.fc(inputs)
        return nn.LayerNorm(d_model).to(device)(output + residual)  # [batch_size, seq_len, d_model]


class EncoderLayer(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(EncoderLayer, self).__init__()
        self.enc_self_attn = MultiHeadAttention()
        self.pos_ffn = PoswiseFeedForwardNet()

    def forward(self, enc_inputs, enc_self_attn_mask):
        """E
        enc_inputs: [batch_size, src_len, d_model]
        enc_self_attn_mask: [batch_size, src_len, src_len]  mask矩阵(pad mask or sequence mask)
        """
        # enc_outputs: [batch_size, src_len, d_model], attn: [batch_size, n_heads, src_len, src_len]
        # 第一个enc_inputs * W_Q = Q
        # 第二个enc_inputs * W_K = K
        # 第三个enc_inputs * W_V = V
        enc_outputs, attn = self.enc_self_attn(enc_inputs, enc_inputs, enc_inputs,
                                               enc_self_attn_mask)  # enc_inputs to same Q,K,V(未线性变换前)
        enc_outputs = self.pos_ffn(enc_outputs)
        # enc_outputs: [batch_size, src_len, d_model]
        return enc_outputs, attn


class DecoderLayer(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(DecoderLayer, self).__init__()
        self.dec_self_attn = MultiHeadAttention()
        self.dec_enc_attn = MultiHeadAttention()
        self.pos_ffn = PoswiseFeedForwardNet()

    def forward(self, dec_inputs, enc_outputs, dec_self_attn_mask, dec_enc_attn_mask):
        """
        dec_inputs: [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model]
        enc_outputs: [batch_size, src_len, d_model]
        dec_self_attn_mask: [batch_size, tgt_len, tgt_len]
        dec_enc_attn_mask: [batch_size, tgt_len, src_len]
        """
        # dec_outputs: [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model], dec_self_attn: [batch_size, n_heads, tgt_len, tgt_len]
        dec_outputs, dec_self_attn = self.dec_self_attn(dec_inputs, dec_inputs, dec_inputs,
                                                        dec_self_attn_mask)  # 这里的Q,K,V全是Decoder自己的输入
        # dec_outputs: [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model], dec_enc_attn: [batch_size, h_heads, tgt_len, src_len]
        dec_outputs, dec_enc_attn = self.dec_enc_attn(dec_outputs, enc_outputs, enc_outputs,
                                                      dec_enc_attn_mask)  # Attention层的Q(来自decoder) 和 K,V(来自encoder)
        dec_outputs = self.pos_ffn(dec_outputs)  # [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model]
        return dec_outputs, dec_self_attn, dec_enc_attn  # dec_self_attn, dec_enc_attn这两个是为了可视化的


class Encoder(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Encoder, self).__init__()
        self.src_emb = nn.Embedding(src_vocab_size, d_model)  # token Embedding
        self.pos_emb = PositionalEncoding(d_model)  # Transformer中位置编码时固定的,不需要学习
        self.layers = nn.ModuleList([EncoderLayer() for _ in range(n_layers)])

    def forward(self, enc_inputs):
        """
        enc_inputs: [batch_size, src_len]
        """
        enc_outputs = self.src_emb(enc_inputs)  # [batch_size, src_len, d_model]
        enc_outputs = self.pos_emb(enc_outputs.transpose(0, 1)).transpose(0, 1)  # [batch_size, src_len, d_model]
        # Encoder输入序列的pad mask矩阵
        enc_self_attn_mask = get_attn_pad_mask(enc_inputs, enc_inputs)  # [batch_size, src_len, src_len]
        enc_self_attns = []  # 在计算中不需要用到,它主要用来保存你接下来返回的attention的值(这个主要是为了你画热力图等,用来看各个词之间的关系
        for layer in self.layers:  # for循环访问nn.ModuleList对象
            # 上一个block的输出enc_outputs作为当前block的输入
            # enc_outputs: [batch_size, src_len, d_model], enc_self_attn: [batch_size, n_heads, src_len, src_len]
            enc_outputs, enc_self_attn = layer(enc_outputs,
                                               enc_self_attn_mask)  # 传入的enc_outputs其实是input,传入mask矩阵是因为你要做self attention
            enc_self_attns.append(enc_self_attn)  # 这个只是为了可视化
        return enc_outputs, enc_self_attns


class Decoder(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Decoder, self).__init__()
        self.tgt_emb = nn.Embedding(tgt_vocab_size, d_model)  # Decoder输入的embed词表
        self.pos_emb = PositionalEncoding(d_model)
        self.layers = nn.ModuleList([DecoderLayer() for _ in range(n_layers)])  # Decoder的blocks

    def forward(self, dec_inputs, enc_inputs, enc_outputs):
        """
        dec_inputs: [batch_size, tgt_len]
        enc_inputs: [batch_size, src_len]
        enc_outputs: [batch_size, src_len, d_model]   # 用在Encoder-Decoder Attention层
        """
        dec_outputs = self.tgt_emb(dec_inputs)  # [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model]
        dec_outputs = self.pos_emb(dec_outputs.transpose(0, 1)).transpose(0, 1).to(
            device)  # [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model]
        # Decoder输入序列的pad mask矩阵(这个例子中decoder是没有加pad的,实际应用中都是有pad填充的)
        dec_self_attn_pad_mask = get_attn_pad_mask(dec_inputs, dec_inputs).to(device)  # [batch_size, tgt_len, tgt_len]
        # Masked Self_Attention:当前时刻是看不到未来的信息的
        dec_self_attn_subsequence_mask = get_attn_subsequence_mask(dec_inputs).to(
            device)  # [batch_size, tgt_len, tgt_len]

        # Decoder中把两种mask矩阵相加(既屏蔽了pad的信息,也屏蔽了未来时刻的信息)
        dec_self_attn_mask = torch.gt((dec_self_attn_pad_mask + dec_self_attn_subsequence_mask),
                                      0).to(device)  # [batch_size, tgt_len, tgt_len]; torch.gt比较两个矩阵的元素,大于则返回1,否则返回0

        # 这个mask主要用于encoder-decoder attention层
        # get_attn_pad_mask主要是enc_inputs的pad mask矩阵(因为enc是处理K,V的,求Attention时是用v1,v2,..vm去加权的,要把pad对应的v_i的相关系数设为0,这样注意力就不会关注pad向量)
        #                       dec_inputs只是提供expand的size的
        dec_enc_attn_mask = get_attn_pad_mask(dec_inputs, enc_inputs)  # [batc_size, tgt_len, src_len]

        dec_self_attns, dec_enc_attns = [], []
        for layer in self.layers:
            # dec_outputs: [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model], dec_self_attn: [batch_size, n_heads, tgt_len, tgt_len], dec_enc_attn: [batch_size, h_heads, tgt_len, src_len]
            # Decoder的Block是上一个Block的输出dec_outputs(变化)和Encoder网络的输出enc_outputs(固定)
            dec_outputs, dec_self_attn, dec_enc_attn = layer(dec_outputs, enc_outputs, dec_self_attn_mask,
                                                             dec_enc_attn_mask)
            dec_self_attns.append(dec_self_attn)
            dec_enc_attns.append(dec_enc_attn)
        # dec_outputs: [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model]
        return dec_outputs, dec_self_attns, dec_enc_attns


class Transformer(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Transformer, self).__init__()
        self.encoder = Encoder().to(device)
        self.decoder = Decoder().to(device)
        self.projection = nn.Linear(d_model, tgt_vocab_size, bias=False).to(device)

    def forward(self, enc_inputs, dec_inputs):
        """Transformers的输入:两个序列
        enc_inputs: [batch_size, src_len]
        dec_inputs: [batch_size, tgt_len]
        """
        # tensor to store decoder outputs
        # outputs = torch.zeros(batch_size, tgt_len, tgt_vocab_size).to(self.device)

        # enc_outputs: [batch_size, src_len, d_model], enc_self_attns: [n_layers, batch_size, n_heads, src_len, src_len]
        # 经过Encoder网络后,得到的输出还是[batch_size, src_len, d_model]
        enc_outputs, enc_self_attns = self.encoder(enc_inputs)
        # dec_outputs: [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model], dec_self_attns: [n_layers, batch_size, n_heads, tgt_len, tgt_len], dec_enc_attn: [n_layers, batch_size, tgt_len, src_len]
        dec_outputs, dec_self_attns, dec_enc_attns = self.decoder(dec_inputs, enc_inputs, enc_outputs)
        # dec_outputs: [batch_size, tgt_len, d_model] -> dec_logits: [batch_size, tgt_len, tgt_vocab_size]
        dec_logits = self.projection(dec_outputs)
        return dec_logits.view(-1, dec_logits.size(-1)), enc_self_attns, dec_self_attns, dec_enc_attns


model = Transformer().to(device)
# 这里的损失函数里面设置了一个参数 ignore_index=0,因为 "pad" 这个单词的索引为 0,这样设置以后,就不会计算 "pad" 的损失(因为本来 "pad" 也没有意义,不需要计算)
criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss(ignore_index=0)
optimizer = optim.SGD(model.parameters(), lr=1e-3, momentum=0.99)  # 用adam的话效果不好

# ====================================================================================================
for epoch in range(epochs):
    for enc_inputs, dec_inputs, dec_outputs in loader:
        """
        enc_inputs: [batch_size, src_len]
        dec_inputs: [batch_size, tgt_len]
        dec_outputs: [batch_size, tgt_len]
        """
        enc_inputs, dec_inputs, dec_outputs = enc_inputs.to(device), dec_inputs.to(device), dec_outputs.to(device)
        # outputs: [batch_size * tgt_len, tgt_vocab_size]
        outputs, enc_self_attns, dec_self_attns, dec_enc_attns = model(enc_inputs, dec_inputs)
        loss = criterion(outputs, dec_outputs.view(-1))  # dec_outputs.view(-1):[batch_size * tgt_len * tgt_vocab_size]
        print('Epoch:', '%04d' % (epoch + 1), 'loss =', '{:.6f}'.format(loss))

        optimizer.zero_grad()
        loss.backward()
        optimizer.step()


def greedy_decoder(model, enc_input, start_symbol):
    """贪心编码
    For simplicity, a Greedy Decoder is Beam search when K=1. This is necessary for inference as we don't know the
    target sequence input. Therefore we try to generate the target input word by word, then feed it into the transformer.
    Starting Reference: http://nlp.seas.harvard.edu/2018/04/03/attention.html#greedy-decoding
    :param model: Transformer Model
    :param enc_input: The encoder input
    :param start_symbol: The start symbol. In this example it is 'S' which corresponds to index 4
    :return: The target input
    """
    enc_outputs, enc_self_attns = model.encoder(enc_input)
    dec_input = torch.zeros(1, 0).type_as(enc_input.data)
    terminal = False
    next_symbol = start_symbol
    while not terminal:
        # 预测阶段:dec_input序列会一点点变长(每次添加一个新预测出来的单词)
        dec_input = torch.cat([dec_input.to(device), torch.tensor([[next_symbol]], dtype=enc_input.dtype).to(device)],
                              -1)
        dec_outputs, _, _ = model.decoder(dec_input, enc_input, enc_outputs)
        projected = model.projection(dec_outputs)
        prob = projected.squeeze(0).max(dim=-1, keepdim=False)[1]
        # 增量更新(我们希望重复单词预测结果是一样的)
        # 我们在预测是会选择性忽略重复的预测的词,只摘取最新预测的单词拼接到输入序列中
        next_word = prob.data[-1]  # 拿出当前预测的单词(数字)。我们用x'_t对应的输出z_t去预测下一个单词的概率,不用z_1,z_2..z_{t-1}
        next_symbol = next_word
        if next_symbol == tgt_vocab["E"]:
            terminal = True
        # print(next_word)

    # greedy_dec_predict = torch.cat(
    #     [dec_input.to(device), torch.tensor([[next_symbol]], dtype=enc_input.dtype).to(device)],
    #     -1)
    greedy_dec_predict = dec_input[:, 1:]
    return greedy_dec_predict


# ==========================================================================================
# 预测阶段
enc_inputs, _, _ = next(iter(loader))
for i in range(len(enc_inputs)):
    greedy_dec_predict = greedy_decoder(model, enc_inputs[i].view(1, -1).to(device), start_symbol=tgt_vocab["S"])
    print(enc_inputs[i], '->', greedy_dec_predict.squeeze())
    print([src_idx2word[t.item()] for t in enc_inputs[i]], '->',
          [idx2word[n.item()] for n in greedy_dec_predict.squeeze()])

运行结果

附:Transformer详细介绍


Author: SHWEI
Reprint policy: All articles in this blog are used except for special statements CC BY 4.0 reprint polocy. If reproduced, please indicate source SHWEI !
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